Influenced by Piet Oedolf, these symmetrical borders are a riot of colour yet very elegant and peaceful.
Symmetry and line
The first rule of formal landscape design is always symmetry, line and balance, with one side of the garden or space, a mirror-image of the other. A central axis, should be lined up with the centre of a prominent feature of the house like a patio, front door or even an invisible point. Use this central line to lead the eye to a focal point in the garden like a pool, fountain, circular bed etc. Pathways into the garden should be symmetrical with the centre line. Garden lines like lawn edges or hedges are usually straight and neat, but can also incorporate circles, geometric curves and other shapes like diamonds, squares etc.
Scale & Architecture in balance
The scale and architecture of the house or property needs to balance with the garden scale and materials. Wherever possible, echo the scale of the architecture in the 2D and 3D plains in the garden. A large rectangular pool, avenue of large trees or long driveway up to the house in proportion to the scale of the house, can balance a large house façade in the 2D plain.
Today, when designing a Formal garden, many of the older style elements have been pared down and simplified into a more contemporary style that can be used in both small to large gardens and estates. In this blog we look at some of the important design elements of the contemporary Formal garden style.